The question imposed raises deep notions on human’s mind, drawing him to things he had never known before, besieging himself for new insight, and raising his hands to Almighty Allah because HE is the one who has guided us towards this Holy Book and HE is the one who will open for paths to discover on how to learn Qirat of Quran, as HE exclaims various times in one of its readings:
“And We have certainly made the Quran easy to remember. So is there anyone who will be mindful?” 54:17
All learning is driven by impressions, experiences, and understanding, which is why we will explore what the exact words mean in our question on “how to learn qirat of Quran” with discussions on the verbal sense of Qirat and Quran, thus enhancing our learning process and ensuring zeal to learn the reciting modes with increased vigor and enthusiasm.
The name Quran derives from the term “قرن,” which means to pair; the name thus helps us to recognize what we need to pair it with; the Quran‘s words are to be paired with beautiful qirat, as the Quran itself remarks:
“and recite the Quran ˹properly˺ in a measured way” 73:4
The word “Quran” calls in from a word “قرين” which means companion, the true confidante as to not leave it or the rules attached with it, at any given speck of time. Accordingly, the Quran teaches us how to preserve its prestige, honor the holy knowledge, and recite it every day until our last breath, which leads us to our next question – if Quran has base rules, how do we know about it?
The first revelation occurred when the Angel Gabriel appeared to Allah’s Apostle Muhammad PBUH in the cave of Hira and commanded him to recite. It was the first initiative to lead millions of Muslims to come for approximately fourteen hundred years hence, to recite the Quran, giving it the precise word of Qirat which is to know different linguistic, phonetic, and syntactical forms permitted within reciting.
The words ” تلاوة” and “قراءة ” have different conceptual meanings for a person to follow Qirat, as though tilawat in normal format means “to read,” while Qirat symbolizes recitation, conjoining the words to its sifah, in stops, vowels, consonants, intonations, and pronunciation of words. Moving forward, let us learn the different forms of Qirat and how they were implemented so that you can concentrate on how to learn Qirat of Quran.
If the reader has an eye to look in the universe, the heavens number to seven, the seas number to seven, the continents number to seven, the vertebrae in the neck number to seven, a week is seven days long, and the Earth was formed in seven days – Similarly, the Quran was revealed in seven modes of recitation – seven dialects based on the same words and writings – which contemplates the scripts like a miracle. As it has been correctly quoted in the Islamic Texts:
“Ibn ‘Abbās reported God’s Messenger as saying, “Gabriel taught me to recite in one mode, and when I replied to him and kept asking him to give me more he did so till he reached seven modes.” Ibn Shihāb said he had heard that those seven modes are essentially one, not differing about what is permitted and what is prohibited.” (Bukhārī and Muslim)
This is the unique aspect of the Quran – the various forms of recitation known as “ahruf,” (dialect) which multiplies the eloquence and artistic beauty of the Quran, specifically when all the versions return to the one source, the instructions of the Apostle of Allah PBUH Himself, weaving all the schools into essentially one, which leads us back to the Arabic sense of the term “Quran.”
The initial seven modes of Qirat got conveyed generations after generations by scholars, taken from the companions of the Prophet PBUH, the prominent leaders of recitation tracing their transmissions back to the Prophet PBUH, are named as Mutawatir. The frequent forms of recitation to have existed by riwayah (reading transmission) for specific qirat began when the Holy Book was inscribed in the era of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and was compiled by his order in the reign of The First Caliph, which was later united and broadcasted across the entire Islamic world during the reign of The Third Caliph. The scriptures in that Quran were not dotted, as seen in the illustration:
Thus coherently, leaving the door open for various interpretations of a single “rasm” (drawing of writing), such as in the example: وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ is read in other qirat as يُرجِعون with a kasra (i sound with a dash on the lower side) or تَرجِعون with a ta’a.
After five centuries, Ibn al-Jazari, a popular scholar (833h), presented three new variants of Qirat in his book, raising the bar from seven to ten, elucidating that the Quranic scripture is like a fresh river of water, with new emerging tones each day but the source remaining the same—the Almighty God. The three new recitation modes added to the list are known as “mashhur,” which is regarded as popular, with true attributions and applied rules of Arabic Language, when Ibn al Jazari accounted it from the brushes in the other letters of Scripture books, which laid the foundation for the new ones.
Do we want to know what these “mutawatir” and “mashhur” Qirat are called? Let’s discuss it in our next topic.
The differences in the readings amounts to two thousand words, however, with received acceptance, most Muslim countries have adopted the Quran with Hafs’s account of Asim. The ten Qirat are as follows:
After learning about the origins of the Quran and how all the different formats of recitation came to be, it is imperative that everyone looking for information on how to learn Qirat of Quran is told about a deep practice that was initiated by the founder of Islam and the widest spreader of the Holy Book, Prophet Mohammad PBUH, as he famously quoted:
“The best amongst you is the one who learns the Qur’an and teaches it.” [Al-Bukhari]
HIS instruction led to a large number of Muslims memorizing the Quran, and these well-versed reciters were then taught to teach others. Prophet Mohammed PBUH once sent seventy Quran reciters to different tribes of B’ir Maunah, establishing a tradition of teaching and practicing the Quranic Text that has been passed down for centuries and is still practiced today. Are you ready to embark on a life-changing adventure? Have you taken the initiative to become one of the world’s most accomplished reciters? If you answered yes, the next segment will be on how to operate on it.
The five definite rule list is provided for your convenience; simply follow them and everything will go as planned.
Don’t trust anyone to teach you the leveled Qirat; those who master the recitation modes are granted ijazah (permission to teach), which allows you to enter an unbroken chain of transmission of the mode all the way back to the Prophet PBUH.
Follow the 70-30 rule; the word Quran appears in the scripture 70 times, emphasizing the importance of this memorization tip. Spend 70% of your time revising the memorized material and 30% of your time working on the new lines. If this seems to interest you, book online quran memorization classes.
The journey does not have a speed limit; it is a step-by-step ladder. A small move should be regarded as a significant accomplishment. Never give up hope and spark up your dreams.
The Holy Script is revered as a source of spiritual healing, eternal happiness, and heavenly tones, which is why you can learn Qirat Quran with Tajweed. Do you need assistance? You will find a list of our courses here.
Learn Arabic Language to instill the Quranic teachings in your life, which in turn will make your learning for the recitations more effective and fast.
Always remember the statement below and keep on walking on the path to enlightenment, May you be Blessed and Honored. Amen.