Tajweed, which includes specific rules for the correct and most beautiful reading of the Quran, aims at the correct pronunciation of the letters of the Quran and a mistake-free reading. As a matter of fact, we can say that the founder of this science was our Prophet PBUH. The Holy Quran was taught to our master by Gabriel with Tajweed and He taught his companions that way. It has also reached us.
Madd Al Badal is one of the Tajweed topics that aim to be accurate in reading. Having finished the types of Madd in Tajweed, we will take a look at this tajweed rule and know different examples of it in this article InshaAllah.
Madd Al-Badal meaning in Arabic is when two hamzas in the same word, the second with a Sukoon sign, come in succession, it is called Madd Badal to convert the second hamza to a Madd letter in the movement of the first hamza.
The reason for this rule is the pronunciation difficulty that occurs when two hamzas, (the second hamza has a Sukoon), come in succession. After taking a look at the rule and its pronunciation, you may realize that since you started reading the Quran, you have been applying this rule without realizing it. Let’s take a look!
If there are two hamzas in a word, the first has a vowel and the second has Sukoon. The second hamza is converted from the vowel category of the first hamza to the letter Madd (for example, if the first hamza has a damma on it, the second hamzah is changed to و, if the first hamza has a kasra, the second Hamzah is changed to ي…).
The example of Madd Badal above shows that the hamza with the Sukoon (on the parts shown in orange) turns into a Madd letter in the type of Haraka of the preceding hamza so as to make the recitation of Allah’s book easier.
While the example وَأُوتِينَا is in verse 16 of Surah An-Naml, the example وَا۪يتَٓائِ appears in verse 90 of Surah An-Nahl. Here, our letter that has changed and turned into the letter Madd is sounded for two counts.
The pronunciation of the previous examples in order:
To understand the given examples and the rule better, let’s see an example in which case this rule is NOT applied. The word أَيْمَانَهُمْ in the Quran does not have Madd Badal and its pronunciation is Aymaanahum.
As you can see in the section highlighted in red, hamza’s Haraka is Fatha before the letter Madd yaa. For two beats to be sounded, the Haraka of hamza should be kasra.
Although Tajweed rules cover many topics, these rules are mainly for making reading easier and improving pronunciation. If you learn the Quran from experienced Quran teachers who have good Tajweed knowledge, applying the tajweed rules will develop as a natural process and this will become a habit to spontaneously recite the book of Allah SWT the proper way. If you want to learn more about tajweed, join our Special Online Quran lessons at Riwaq Al Azhar! Click, contact us, and start your free trial lessons!
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