Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam; is obligatory worship that represents the unity and solidarity of Islam, its universality, and the brotherhood and equality of believers without any discrimination such as race, color, gender, language, and culture. With the words of our Prophet (PBUH):
(The superstructure of) Islam is raised on five (pillars), testing (the fact) that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is His bondsman and messenger, and the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House (Ka’ba), and the fast of Ramadan. (Sahih Muslim)
After covering the pillars of Hajj in Islam and how to correctly perform them in the previous blog, we will talk about the Wajibat of Hajj (the obligatory acts of this worship), Hajj basics, and when and how it should be done, insha’Allah.
Hajj, also known as the farewell hajj, was made obligatory (Fardh) in the 9th year of Hijra, which is among the worship performed with both body and property.
The Prophet, who came to Mecca and fulfilled the stages of the Hajj there, left there on the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah and went to Mina and spent the night there. The next day (Friday) he passed from there to Arafat via Muzdalifah. On that day, the Prophet gave his speech, known as the farewell sermon, in front of more than a hundred thousand Muslims.
Hajj has been made obligatory for every Muslim, who is sane (who has reached the age of puberty), is free, and has sufficient power and opportunities, and time.
Hajj takes place in the month of Dhul-Hijjah and it involves some steps that need a period of five to six days.
Some Muslims ask: what are the different types of Hajj? Here is the answer:
Here is more information about the types of Hajj in Islam with clear explanations!
Ihram means that the person who intends to perform hajj and umrah makes certain behaviors and actions that are permissible at other times ‘haram’ for a certain period of time, that is until the stages of hajj and umrah are completed.
It is a two-piece, seamless and unpretentious white garment covered by men who go on pilgrimage. This dress is the symbolic expression of Ihram. The ihram that will make the pilgrimage valid is called the purpose of wearing this dress. Ihram is also valid for women, but instead of wearing a different dress like men, they intend and enter in their normal clothes.
If the person with Ihram has done any of these prohibitions forgetfully or unconsciously, there is nothing on them. If done intentionally, then they have to do one of these:
Those who intend to make the Hajj, stop for a while on the Arafah day of Eid-al-Adha, from the sunset, until dawn on the first day of the Eid.
Tawaf is to start by taking the Kaaba to the left from the corner or level and turn around the Kaaba seven times.
There are 6 Wajibat of Hajj that Muslims should know. These Wajibat of Hajj are as follows in order:
Here are some frequently asked questions about Sa’ee:
The Sa’ee is a type of worship that starts from Safa Hill, located to the east of the Kaaba, and ends in Marwa, going back and forth seven times (as four rounds and three rounds). Hadjar, the wife of Prophet Ibrahim, went seven times to find water for her son Ismael. After that event, Sa’ee began to be performed between these two hills, and Sa’ee was accepted as legitimate in the pilgrimage of Islam.
There are some conditions for the Sa’ee to be valid;
It is Sunnah for pilgrims to spend the night that connects the day of Arafah to the day of Eid here, and it is Wajib to make waqf here.
It is a Wajib act to go after the Fajr worship of the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.
This is the last Tawaf that non-Meccan pilgrims should do.
It is an act that is given as a gift to the Kaaba, the Haram region, in order to gain the consent of Allah, which is called the Hady sacrifice.
Now that we have learned the wajibat of Hajj, it is time to learn some sunnah acts of Hajj:
Hajj has been made obligatory for every Muslim, who is sane (who has reached the age of puberty), is free, and has sufficient power and opportunities, and time. This worship, which every Muslim should know the Sunnah and Wajibat of hajj, is within the scope of Fiqh. Many Muslims try to learn this science in Madrasahs, through online courses with the opportunities of our age, or by studying by themselves.
To increase your knowledge in this field and become conscious as a Muslim, you can join us and enroll in our Fiqh of Worship Course at Riwaq Al Azhar. Start your journey with two free trial lessons now and get preliminary information!
May Allah grant us all to be on the path of true knowledge and keep us firm on the right path…