Allah SWT revealed the Quran to Prophet Muhammad through Angel Jibreel over a period of approximately 23 years. It is our duty to learn all the Quran reading rules so as to recite it the proper way and apply its teachings to gain the pleasure of Allah the Almighty.
Have you ever reflected on the signs or symbols found above some words? Do you know their importance, meanings, purpose, or how to deal with them? There are rules for stops, pauses, cut-offs, and starts. Let’s learn the rules of stopping when reading Quran and know all the types of Waqf in Quran for better recitation.
First of all, let’s understand the definition of Waqf before explaining the rules of stopping when reading Quran. The linguistic definition of doing Waqf is to stop. For its applied definition: It’s cutting off the sound at the end of a word, usually for a period of the time of breathing, with the intention of returning to the recitation, not with the intention of finishing it. It can be at the end of an Ayah or even in the middle. However, it can never be in the middle of the word.
The benefits of learning Tajweed and the rules of stopping when reading Quran are literally countless. Knowing the proper places to begin and the rules of stopping when reading Quran is of utmost importance in order not to make fatal pronunciation mistakes or change the entire meaning. Thus, our righteous predecessors were extremely careful in teaching the Ummah all the Tajweed stopping rules. Also, it is well documented in authentic chains that the companions and those that followed them paid great attention to this knowledge.
Moreover, Prophet Muhammad PBUH strongly encouraged us to give the Quran ita due effort and respect saying: “The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Quran and teach it” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
As a Muslim, it is highly recommended to get equipped with two tools to deeply understand the rules of stopping when reading Quran:
However, as a normal Muslim, not specialized in this field of advanced knowledge, or as a non-Arabic native speaker, it could be hard to deal with the above-mentioned topics well.
Thus, as a tool for preserving the meaning of the Holy Quran, certain Quran punctuation symbols and rules of stopping when reading Quran have been added by scholars to the Mushaf designating information about the desirability of stopping in specific places. Mushafs printed in Pakistan follow a slightly different set of symbols from those printed in Arab countries.
As well as the rules of Meem Sakinah, Laam Sakinah Rules, Rules of Laam Shamsiya and Qamariya and other basic Tajweed rules, there are some symbols and rules of stopping when reading Quran that are put by scholars, as mentioned earlier, to help the reciter to stop on a correct meaning. Any point of starting or stopping is considered either permissible, prohibited, or unsuitable according to whether or not it leads to complete and correct meaning. We tried to collect the most common Quran symbols rules, even in the Urdu Mushafs, as follows:
Note: Some scholars may consider a particular stop good, while others consider the same stop sufficient, and still others consider it complete. This comes from variances in conclusions as to the make-up of the grammatical sentence.
One of the related topics to the rules of stopping when reading Quran is (Sakt). Sakt or Saktah means a pause held for two counts without breathing during recitation, and it is symbolized by the letter س, in many Mushafs. There are four pauses in the way of Hafs recitation that you can find in Tajweed books.
As well as learning the rules of stopping when reading Quran, It is important to know how to stop on any word. Whether at the end of an Ayah or a phrase, or merely to draw a breath, the following is observed:
After covering the main topics related to the rules of stopping when reading Quran, it is suitable to also tackle how to start. It refers to the resumption of the recitation after cutting it off or stopping it.
It’s allowed to begin with what comes after a complete or sufficient stop under any circumstances. Also, it’s allowed to start with that which comes after a good stop, only if it is the end of an Ayah. You can stop on a correct meaning in the middle of an Ayah, then start your recitation the way mentioned before.
In case of the not allowed starts, Muslim should rather go back till he/she starts from a suitable meaning in the Ayah through which he makes the stop. This is especially when the Ayah is long and it’s hard to come with it as a whole at once.
Note: Most of the above-mentioned information about the rules of stopping when reading Quran is gathered from two books; Tajweed Rules of the Quran by Kareema Carol, Part 3, and An Introduction to Tajweed by Umm Muhammad.
To conclude, after this long journey, you should be patient in reading the Quran. Remember that as long as you exert your effort to learn and improve your recitation, then you are on the track. Success is a continuation. Always keep in mind that learning Tajweed is a gateway for understanding the Quran to apply it. Application is the cornerstone.
With Riwaq Al Azhar Institute, You can now enroll in Online Tajweed Course and start learning all the Tajweed rules, including the rules of stopping when reading Quran.